Most individuals will experience a twisted ankle at least once in their lifetime. However, if that twisted ankle becomes swollen or painful after the twist, it is most likely an ankle sprain, meaning that the ligaments are stretched or torn.
The Causes of Ankle Sprains
Ankle sprains are a very common type of ankle injury. The most common type of sprain is caused by the rapid shifting of foot placement which causes the ankle to roll outward and the foot to turn inward. This can cause the ligaments on the outside of the ankle to stretch and tear. Less often, you may also suffer from an ankle injury after your ankle rolls inward and the foot rolls outward, which damages the ligaments on the inside of the ankle.
Most individuals with sprained ankles will know it’s sprained, but some symptoms can include:
- Pain at the site of the tear – on the outside or inside of the ankle
- Swelling and bruising on the ankle
- The ankle is tender to the touch and hurts to move
- A severe sprain may have a popping sound when it occurs
- The ankle will be too painful if you put any weight on it
Treating Ankle Sprains
You will need to visit a specialist for diagnosis. In some cases, an x-ray may be ordered to ensure there is no broken bone. Typically, ankle injury treatment consists of the RICE method:
- Rest – You will need to rest your ankle injury, which may mean using crutches to keep any weight off the ankle while it heals.
- Ice – For the first 24 to 72 hours, you may need to apply an ice pack for 10 to 20 minutes every hour to relieve swelling and discomfort.
- Compression – Using an elastic compression wrap, you can reduce pain and swelling. It is typically worn for the first 24 to 36 hours, but you will still need to brace your ankle when you put weight on it.
- Elevation – By raising your ankle above your heart for two to three hours per day, you can reduce bruising and swelling.
Also, your specialist may prescribe a pain relieving medication or have you take over-the-counter anti-inflammatories to reduce pain and swelling. Rehabilitation may be required to ensure the ankle injury heals properly.
If you have suffered from a serious ankle injury, see a chiropodist at Comfort Stride today for treatment. Give us a call at 647-989-7794 for a consultation.